Showing posts from October, 2022

A Letter to God: Objective Type Questions

A Letter to God by Gregorio Lopez y Fuentes (Translated by Donald A. Yates) (Objective Type Questions) 01. A Letter to God is written by: a. Ruskin Bond b. Lokesh Abrol c. G. L. Fuentes d. None Ans: c. G. L. Fuentes 02. Who is the author of A Letter to God?: (a) G.L. Fuentes (b) Leo Tolstoy (c) Chekhov (d) R. K. Narayan Ans: (a) G.L. Fuentes 03. G. L. Fuentes belongs to: a. India b. Mexico c. Germany d. America Ans: b. Mexico 04. Who has translated A Letter to God?: a. M.R. Anand b. R.K. Narayan c. W.B. Yeats d. Donald A. Yates Ans: d. Donald A. Yates 05. What is the name of the main character of the story A Letter to God?: a. David b. John c. Robert d. Lencho Ans: d. Lencho 06. What was Lencho's profession?: a. Cattle rearing b. Farming c. Brick making d. None of the above Ans: b. Farming 07. Where was Lencho’s house situated?: a. On the crest of a low hill b. On the crest of a mountain c. In a deep valley d. On a high land Ans: a. On the crest of a low hill 08. Which crop was

When forty winters shall besiege thy brow (Sonnet II): Shakespeare

William Shakespeare is a great writer of sonnets. The Shakespearean sonnet consists of three quatrains. Each quatrain consists of four lines. At the end there is a couplet. The rhyme scheme of Shakespearean sonnet is abab, cdcd, efef and gg. The following sonnet (Sonnet no. 02) is an example of Shakespearean sonnet. When forty winters shall besiege thy brow, And dig deep trenches in thy beauty's field, Thy youth's proud livery so gazed on now, Will be a totter'd weed of small worth held: Then being asked, where all thy beauty lies, Where all the treasure of thy lusty days; To say, within thine own deep sunken eyes, Were an all-eating shame, and thriftless praise. How much more praise deserv'd thy beauty's use, If thou couldst answer 'This fair child of mine Shall sum my count, and make my old excuse,' Proving his beauty by succession thine! This were to be new made when thou art old, And see thy blood warm when thou feel'st it cold.

William Shakespeare and His Sonnet No. 01 & 127

William Shakespeare was born at Stratford-On-Avon on 25 April 1564. He died on 23 April 1616. He is an eminent poet and playwright of the Renaissance in England. His poems are Venus and Adonis (1593), The Rape of Lucrece (1594), The Phoenix and the Turtle (1601) and the Sonnets (1593-1603). The sonnets of William Shakespeare were published in the Quarto edition of Shakespeare’s Works in 1609 by Thomas Thorpe. They are dedicated to Mr. W.H. It is he who is considered to be the begetter of Shakespearean sonnets. A controversy exists about the identity of Mr. W.H. Perhaps he is William Herbert, the eldest son of the second Earl of Prembroke by his third wife, Mary Sidney. William Herbert was born in 1586. In 1601 he became the third Earl of Prembroke. Shakespeare has composed 154 sonnets. These sonnets form two groups. The first group (1 to 126) is addressed to a smart young man and the second group (127 to 154) to a dark lady. The young man appears as a lovely boy. His social pos

Yeats’s Symbolism: A Note

W. B.Yeats is a towering and unique figure in the annals of English poetry. He holds a singular position as a symbolist in the history of English literature. It is he who is popular as the chief exponent of the symbolist movement in England. At their best his symbols are highly evocative and suggestive. To analyze and evaluate Yeats's symbolism it would be better to define symbolism and to mention the brief history of symbolist movement. A symbol is something that stands for something else. The symbolist movement was started in France as a reaction against naturalism. The representative symbolists were – Charles Baudelaire, Paul Verlaine and Stephane Mallarme. In England these symbolists were admired and imitated by many poets. In this context W. B. Yeats may be called as the champion. W. B. Yeats has used different types of symbols in his poetry. They were carefully woven into the pattern of the poem. He uses these symbols to convey his inner sensations, his visions and his

W.B. Yeats (1865-1939): A Great Poet.

William Butler Yeats is a prominent poet of the 20th century. He was an Irish poet and playwright. His poetry is widely read today across the English speaking world. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1923. William Butler Yeats was born on 13th June 1865 in Dublin, Ireland. His family was a prestigious Irish Protestant. His father was a law expert. He was a popular portrait painter too. Yeats was educated in London and in Dublin. His first volume of verse appeared in 1887. His popularity rests on his lyric achievement. His poetry made him one of the outstanding and most influential twentieth-century poets writing in English. No doubt, Yeats was a prolific writer. His chief poetic works are- The Wild Swans at Coole, Michael Robartes and the Dancer, The Tower, The Winding Stair, Last Poems and Two Plays, Easter 1916, Leda and the Swan, Responsibilities, Sailing to Byzantium, The Green Helmet, The Second Coming, The Wanderings of Oisin, A Full Moon in March and Among Sch

Existentialism: A Short Note

Existentialism is a movement in the field of philosophy and literature. It is a reaction against the traditional schools of philosophy of Rationalism, British Empiricism and Positivism. It emphasizes individual existence, freedom and choice. It began in the 19th Century but it reached at its peak in mid-20th Century France. Existentialism was developed by the 19th Century Danish philosopher Kierkegaard and the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. The Phenomenology of Martin Heidegger also contributed to the development of this movement. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Arthur Schopenhauer also enriched the development of Existentialism. Max Stirner, Karl Jaspers, Edmund Husserl, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Franz Kafka, Jean-Paul Sartre, Albert Camus, Simone de Beauvoir and Maurice Merleau-Ponty are some other popular names of this movement. But Jean-Paul Sartre is the most well-known existentialist. According to this philosophical belief, we ourselves are responsible for making our li

The Daffodils by Wordsworth: About the Poet, Summary &Text

About Wordsworth (1770-1850): The Daffodils is a fantastic poem. It has been composed by William Wordsworth. He is the greatest romantic poet of Romantic era. He is popular as a great poet of Nature and humanity. Several of his poems project the influence of Nature on him. They also deal with the influence of Nature on man. Wordsworth wrote about simple people in the language really used by men. His world of poetry deals with mystery, interest in the past, love of Nature, Interest in humanity, love for simplicity, freedom of imagination etc. William Wordsworth was born in Cockermouth, Cumberland in the English Lake District on 7 April 1770. He was the second son of John Wordsworth. He was so unfortunate that his parents died while he was a boy. In October 1787 Wordsworth went up to St. John’s College, Cambridge. After spending a few years in London he went to France. His stay in France made him an admirer of the democratic ideals of French Revolution. But the September massacre horr

The Bangle Sellers By Sarojini Naidu: About the Poet, Summary & Text

About the poet of Bangle Sellers: The poem Bangle Sellers has been composed by Sarojini Naidu. She is a woman of versatile genius. She is a prestigious lyricist in the world of Indo-English Poetry. She is renowned for her observation, narration and simple depiction of Indian culture. Sarojini Naidu was born in an illustrious Bengali Brahmin family in Hyderabad on 13th of February 1879. Her family originally belonged to Brahmangaon, a village in East Bengal. It is now in Bangladesh. Sarojini received her early education in Hyderabad. At the age of twelve, she passed matriculation from Madras University. At the age of thirteen, she composed a long narrative poem Lady of the Lake . In the age of sixteen, she went to England for further studies in 1895. First of all she studied in King’s College of London and after that she went to Griton College, Cambridge. In England Sarojini attracted the attention of Sir Edmund Gosse and Arthur Symons. They were renowned poets, critics and biog