Showing posts from December, 2021

A Tale of Two Cities: A Summary

  Charles Dickens is one of the most popular novelists of the 19th century. He belongs to England. He is acknowledged as the reporter of town life. He accurately portrays the town living and miserable conditions of middle class. As a social reformer Dickens employs fiction as a platform for his social appeal. Humour and pain lie closely together in his world of writings. In short, he is a lovable novelist. A Tale of Two Cities by Dickens is a well-liked novel. It has taken to present the happenings of the two cities - Paris and London during French Revolution. The author has described the incidents and characters of both the cities without any bias. Here the characters of the composition move freely from Paris to London. Hence, the writer has appropriately named the novel as A Tale of Two Cities. The plot of this work of fiction is compact, well constructed, economical and dramatic. It is full of suspense and drama. In this novel the purpose of the writer is not to depict the Fr

Obituary by A.K. Ramanujan: Analysis and Text

Obituary is a beautiful poem by A. K. Ramanujan, a great poet in the world of Indian English literature. It is a very popular poem by him. It is the product of the poet’s memory. Here the poet remembers his father after his death. Here irony plays the pivotal role. In Obituary Ramanujan beautifully expresses the after effect of his father’s death. He tells that his father left only problems for his family behind him. The poet presents the list of those problems like dust on a table of papers, debts, daughters and a bedwetting grandson. It seems that the poet is not happy with his father’s attitude and life style. The poet continues that his ill-tempered father left a dilapidated house for his family to live in. Then the poet presents the picture of his cremation. The remains of his father’s pyre are left for sons to pick. They have to perform the Hindu rituals. Then the poet mentions the meaninglessness of his father’s life. He achieved nothing in this world. He was helpless.

A River by Ramnujan: Analysis and Text

A.K. Ramanujan is a very popular poet of Indian English literature. He is a gifted poet in the world of Indian English poetry. He has earned great acclaim for his literary contribution. His poetry reflects the touch of humanity, Indian ethos and pertinence of life. His A River is a beautiful poem. It is taken from his magnum opus, The Striders . It consists of four stanzas. Here Ramanujan uses a variety of techniques to produce effect. Alliteration, assonance, consonance and enjambment have been used suitably. Here the poet has presented the attitudes of the old and the new poets. He has drawn the conclusion that both the groups of the poets are indifferent to human sorrow and suffering. Their poetry has nothing to do with the miseries of the human beings. The present poem deals with a river. It flows through the heart of Madurai. This Madurai is a holy city full of temples. In this poem Ramanujan presents the vivid picture of this river of the summer season and the rainy sea

A.K. Ramanujan: A Great Indian Poet

  A.K. Ramanujan occupies a prominent place as a gifted poet in the world of Indian English poetry. He has earned great popularity for his literary contribution. He is widely read in the entire world. For his contribution the government of India gave him the Padma Shri award in 1976. In 1983, he was given the MacArthur Prize Fellowship. A.K. Ramanujan was born on Mysore in 1929. He received his master degree in English language and literature from the University of Mysore. He went to America in 1959. He became an assistant professor at the University of Chicago in 1962. He became very popular after the publication of his two volumes of poetry - The Striders (1966) and Relations (1971). As a poet Ramanujan seeks direct meaning to life. His poetry reflects the touch of humanity, Indian ethos and pertinence of life. Multiculturalism is visible in his poetic world. But his poetry is essentially Indian in material and sensibility. His poems are about life, death, cycles of birth, pain

Abhigyan Shakuntalam: A Summary

Introduction: Kalidasa is a major poet and playwright in classical Sanskrit literature. It is he who composed Abhigyan Shakuntalam. This play starts with a Prologue. This Prologue consists of benediction and a conversation between the director and an actress. The benediction is performed before the beginning of the play. The benediction is an invocation to Lord Siva. The actor-manager and the actress talk about the play of the day. The readers are informed that a new play by Kalidasa is going to be staged. On the request of the manager, the actress sings a romantic song about the summer season for the audience. Act One Act I of Abhigyan Shakuntalam begins with the description of the summer season by the narrator. He also introduces king Dushyanta who is on hunt. Chasing a deer king Dushyanta enters the ashram of sage Kanva in his Chariot. He has bow and arrow in his hands. The king aims at the deer but an ascetic forbids him to hunt in the premises of sage Kanva. He reminds him of h